Types of wood commonly used in cladding.

Types of wood siding for cladding
Wood cladding has been used in North American homes for the past 100 years

The most common types wood used cladding. Wondering which are the most commonly types of wood cladding? It began to be used in Canada and the USA for more than 100 years and since then it has continued to gain recognition for the characteristics and benefits of the material.

Among the most popular natural species of wood we find cypress, redwood, cedar, fir, spruce, hemlock and a non-natural one that is engineered wood.

Before making a decision about which wood to use for your home’s siding, we suggest that you do a little preliminary research. Here is a summary of the most common types of wood:

Most common types of wood cladding


Cypress is a highly desired hardwood for siding. To obtain cypress trees, people often go to demolition business that recover them from old buildings. Cypress, like cedar and redwood, is rot resistant and insect repellent. 

Its hardness makes it a very resistant and durable wood, and highly desired by homeowners, but at the same time it is difficult to machine and mill which contribute to its high price.


Sequoia, commonly found in western North America, stands out in the “hardwood category” as one of the toughest and strongest type of wood. This, together with its resistance to repel insects (Due to its natural chemical repellants) and putrefaction, makes it one of the ideal woods for cladding.

As it has little sap content, it allows the application of stains and paints easily. Another advantage of wood is its low deformation and low maintenance. Once a year pressure wash it once a year and seal it every three years on average.


One of the strongest siding materials, and relatively easy to mill. Within softwoods, it is a bit harder than the others.

Cedar is not likely to hollow, split or swell and is resistant to insects and rot. The amount of heartwood (Also known as duramen) it contains is a price determinant. The heartwood is a property that makes it stronger and resistant to insects. The variety of cedar that contains the most heartwood is red cedar.

As with redwood, cedar does not require a lot of maintenance. An annual pressure wash and tint or paint renewal every 3-4 years on average is sufficient.


Another very popular option on the market. Fir is not very resistant to insect attacks or rot, which requires more maintenance than other woods. It may show warping if it absorbs moisture.


Widely used in exterior cladding. Spruce has similar characteristics to pine and is available in longer lengths, and can be easily machined.

Spruce does not resist rot or repel insects, and like spruce, it requires maintenance to prevent moisture absorption. It is available in different grades, which affects the price.


Possibly the most popular wood type used in cladding in North America. There are two types of pine: The white pine and the yellow pine. Each of them is used in different applications. White pine is ideal for finishing projects, while yellow pine is suitable for framing due to its hardness.

White pine can be painted or stained, being paint its most common application.

One of the disadvantages of white pine is the presence of knots.

Also, pine does not resist insects or rot, and it also requires paint or stain to seal it and retain the integrity of the wood.

Pros and cons of wood siding cladding


  • Better absorption of certain impacts compared to other materials such as metal or stucco.
  • Visually very attractive and valued by designers and
  • Does not require specialized personnel for installation
  • Easily adaptable to difficult areas or odd-shaped walls.



  • It requires more maintenance compared to other coatings such as vinyl, metal, fiber cement.
  • It is more expensive than vinyl. and high-quality cuts can be very expensive.
  • Prone to warping or cupping.
  • Many species of wood cannot repel insect attacks.
  • Most of them can be damaged by water, if they are not properly sealed.

We are a siding contractor serving the Greater Vancouver area, and have been an accredited BBB business since 2016 with an A+ rating. If you would like to discuss your siding project, call (604)423-2440 or click here to email us. We look forward to working with you in your next siding project.


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